'Cyprus Nama'* known today as Commandaria*
Commandaria (or Commanderia; Greek: κουμανδαρία or κουμανταρία)
*the most ancient listed wine in the world
Mentioned in the scripts of Hesiod, Homer & others, Nama, the ancient-original name of Commandaria, is the oldest listed wine in the world, dating back as far as 5,500 years. Produced solely on the small island of Cyprus, Nama was consumed only by the high-elite society & by Royalty, or was offered to the Gods as a libation (sacrifice).
During the Knight’s era (12th Century), notorious King Richard The Lionheart of England & conqueror of Cyprus, took the initiative of supplying Europe with this fine wine. Considering the high demands as well as the limited quantity Cyprus could produce, he took vines & Cypriot winemaking specialists and established new larger vineyards in the vast Spanish valleys. Thus, they started to produce a ‘new’ wine from sundried grapes- a recent replica of ancient 'Cyprus Nama' – which they named Sherry.
It is also said that the Ottoman sultan Selim II invaded the island just to acquire Commandaria; also that the grapes used to make this wine were the same grapes exported to Portugal that eventually became famous as the source of port wine.